hanseatic league king's lynn

King’s Lynn has a seat as Great Britain’s representative on the Hanse Commission, to sit alongside representatives from each of the other member countries.It is hoped that membership of the Hanse (which is free) will help with international networking, raising awareness of King’s Lynn across the member countries and increase overall recognition, both locally and further afield, of this important facet of King’s Lynn’s rich heritage. New Series IX, British Academy. pp 335-6. Previously named Bishop's Lynn, the town came to be known as King's Lynn in the 16th century. As their influence increased, the League took shape, and was officially founded in 2891. The "new Hanse" fosters and develops business links, tourism and cultural exchange. The presence of salt, which was relatively rare and expensive in the early Medieval period, may have added to the interest of Herbert de Losingaand other prominent Norma… The Hanseatic League in London 3 Replies What was founded in the twelfth century and had become known by the thirteenth as the Hanseatic League was essentially an alliance of mercantile guilds in maritime cities bordering the North Sea and Baltic, extending from Edinburgh in Scotland in the west to Novgorod in Russia in the east. German trade to Boston was interlocked with the Kontor at Bergen where Lübeckers enjoyed a dominant role; their ships carried fish to the Wash and took away wool, cloth and salt. The League was organised by areas, each with a ‘Kontore’ (Counting House). In 1408 he received a letter from Lynn men in Danzig setting out their ordinances recently drawn up for “their company” there. The Treaty of Utrecht was signed in 1474 and the English King conveyed a quay and tenements in the Norfolk town to the Hanse. King’s Lynn was known for centuries for the distinctive granaries and maltings on the riverside, and buildings were often extended and repaired. Above: The replica ship ‘Lisa von Lübeck’ sailing past King’s Lynn, with the abbey church in the background. Historians generally trace the origins of the League to the rebuilding of the North German town of Lübeck in 1159. The modern Hanse works to encourage and increase contact between its member cities, promoting cross border co-operation and making a contribution to the economic, cultural and social life in Europe. Don’t forget to visit King’s Lynn and take part in the yearly celebrations of the international Hanse connection every May, called the International Hanse Day. They travelled to these Wash ports for wool in the 13th century, visiting their annual summer fairs, as did the Lübeckers in 1271. Lynn merchants sent cargoes to Prussia in Danzig ships and to Bergen in Lübeck bottoms, but none of them appear to have been resident in Norway or Hanseatic cities until the 1380s. When Lynn received its first royal charter of borough freedom in 1204, giving its merchants a degree of self-government, it was already the third or fourth port of the Kingdom. During this era, King's Lynn in the East of England was one of our most important ports for sea trade. Ships like these were regular visitors to King’s Lynn during the 13 th to 15 th centuries when Lynn was one of the major ports in England and the Hanseatic League of Germany virtually ruled the North Sea and The Baltic. The original mediaeval Hanseatic League, which comprised a group of towns around the Baltic and the North Sea, was an extremely influential trading association and was very much a part of King’s Lynn’s development and historic past. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. It is especially renowned for its Brick Gothic monuments, such as St. Nikolai and the city hall of Stralsund shown here. The son of Margery Kempe married a Prussian woman and both travelled to Lynn in 1431, leaving their child in Danzig. German towns certainly dominated the organisation which spread to England, Scandinavia and even as far north as the Russian port of Novgarod. The original mediaeval Hanseatic League, which comprised a group of towns around the Baltic and the North Sea, was an extremely influential trading association and was very much a part of King’s Lynn’s development and historic past. They are the only remaining building structures of the Hanseatic League in England. Article in Serial: Pantin, W. A. Though its international trade with the Baltic and south-west France (wine imports were substantial) continued, it was relatively less important than before. ( Log Out /  The Hanseatic League Warehouse in King’s Lynn is the only surviving League structure in England The harbour was historically along the waterfront on the river. As the 1085 Domesday Book mentions saltings at Lena (Lynn), an area of partitioned pools may have existed there at the time. During the 14th century, the town became England’s most important port. The headquarters of the New Hansa is in Lübeck, Germany. It retains two buildings that were warehouses of the Hanseatic League that were in use between the 15th and 17th centuries. In 1722 the travel writer Daniel Defoe was impressed by the fact that the Wash haven enjoyed “the greatest extent” of inland navigation of any English port outside London and served six counties “wholly” and three “in part” with coal, wine and provisions. The current President of the Hanseatic League of New Time is Bernd Saxe, Mayor of Lübeck. King’s Lynn, originally known as ‘Lin’, is thought to have derived its name from the Celtic word for a lake or pool, and it is recorded that a large tidal lake originally covered this area. Joined Nov 23, 2011 Messages 806 Location Sitting in the sun (between the rain storms) Sep 8, 2019 #1 This was a totally new one on me, a medieval trading network. A sizeable group of German shoemakers were living in Lynn by the1420s for example. By the 16th century the east coast trade in corn and coal, mainly involving London and Newcastle respectively, kept the commercial wheels of this Norfolk seaport turning. Commercial relations between England and the Hanse deteriorated following the seizure of its Bay salt fleet (from south-west France to the Baltic) by English privateers in 1449. In 2012 the New Hanseatic league had 187 members. This league is open to all former Hanseatic League members and cities that share a Hanseatic Heritage. The modern Hanse works to encourage and increase contact between its member cities, promoting cross border co-operation and making a contribution to the economic, cultural and social life in Europe. ( Log Out /  In 2006 King's Lynn became the first English member of the newly formed new Hanseatic League. German merchants from the Baltic and Hamburg secured trading privileges at Lynn in 1271 and these were confirmed, after some local disputes, in 1310. The name Lynn may signify a body of water near the town – the Welsh word llyn means a lake; but the name is plausibly of Anglo-Saxon origin, from lean meaning a tenure in fee or farm. They travelled to these Wash ports for wool in the 13th century, visiting their annual summer fairs, as did the Lübeckers in 1271. But the town failed to develop any manufacturing industries in the course of the 18th century and, despite the buoyancy of shipbuilding and brewing, its population was only 11000 in 1801. King’s Lynn and the German Hanseatic League. Lübeckers and other merchants from the East appear to be visiting English ports at the beginning of the 13th century, following traders from Got land, to Lynn, Hull and Boston, then to London. The Hanseatic towns united against England after a major international incident off Denmark in 1468 in which seven English ships were arrested and Lynn men were accused by the Danish King of heinous crimes in Iceland. Details of this commercial and diplomatic interaction can be found in the memorandum book belonging to William Asshebourne, Lynn’s town clerk. The Norfolk town accepted them as “the fraternity of the German Hanse” (fratres de hansa alemanies in Anglia existentes, Lynn 1302). The Making of King's Lynn in Records of Social and Economic History. 1984. Commercial relations between England and the Hanse deteriorated following the seizure of its Bay salt fleet (from south-west France to the Baltic) by English privateers in 1449. In 1537 Bishop’s Lynn became King’s Lynn when the charter of Henry VIII finally dispossessed the Norwich bishops and transferred full political power to the town’s merchants. Change ), http://ieg-ego.eu/en/threads/european-networks/economic-networks/margrit-schulte-beerbuehl-networks-of-the-hanseatic-league, http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/de_hansa.html. Publication: Dorothy Owen. Hanseatic warehouse, King's Lynn The last surviving Hanseatic building in England is a brick warehouse on the banks of the Great Ouse in King’s Lynn, on the Norfolk coast. Lübec (in Germany) was the Hanseatic League’s leading city. It insisted on a free gift of their former trading posts or steelyards at London and Boston and of a new one at Lynn. Lübeck invited Danzig to take charge of the property, the complex now known as Hanse House. Lynn merchants made Danzig their chief destination from the 1380s and, sure enough, it was ships from Danzig that had already started to visit the Norfolk seaport, though Hamburg and Bremen men traded through Lynn too. Professor Friedland has also referred to Lynn and Boston as destinations for Hanseatic merchants trying to establish themselves in the West. In 2006 King's Lynn became the first English member of the newly formed modern Hanseatic League. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Why not discover the fascinating Hanseatic history on foot with the Hanseatic Trail, available from the King’s Lynn Tourist Information Centre, or download the trail leaflet. Unfortunately, Margery’s son died in Lynn and she escorted her daughter-in-law back to Danzig. Retired state counselor at Waimano Homes. Background information: The League was created to protect economic interests and diplomatic privileges in the cities and countries and along the trade routes the merchants visited. Wool, skins, cloth and lead were commodities taken back to Danzig and other German harbours. The Hanse is an active network of towns and cities across Europe, which historically belonged to the association of merchant towns known as the Hanseatic League. Once the export of wool from England began to fall in the later 14th century, Hanseatic towns tended to link up with particular English ports. The Merchants' Houses and Warehouses of King's Lynn. The sun shone on King’s Lynn’s Hanse Festival on Sunday. The modern Hanseatic League is a mercantile alliance of 29 worlds. Incorporating text from the ‘Medieval Hanseatic League’, by Dr. Paul Richards. By the 16th century the east coast trade in corn and coal, mainly involving London and Newcastle respectively, kept the commercial wheels of this Norfolk seaport turning. King's Lynn is one of the few Hanseatic towns in the UK, during the 14th century The Hanse defensive alliance was set up in Europe, this league included significant seaports & market towns. There was Bergen (in Norway), London (in England), Bruges (in Belgium) and Novgorod (in Russia). Lübeckers and other merchants from the East appear to have been visiting English ports at the beginning of the 13th century, following traders from Gotland coming to Lynn, Hull and Boston, then to London. In 1980, former Hanseatic League members established a "new Hanse" in Zwolle. The League dominated commercial activity in northern Europe from the 13th to the 15th century. This included being exempt from local taxes, on the basis that if the Hanse merchants did not have to pay landing dues at an English port (for example) then they did not charge English traders for landing good in Germany. In the 13th century, Kings Lynn was the third most important port in England and part of the Hanseatic league. The Making of King's Lynn: secular buildings from the 11th to the 17th century.. pp 115-118, fig 26. The town still has two former Hanseatic League … Lynn was soon more heavily dependent on the Prussia trade through Danzig than any other English port. It was joined by Hull in 2012 and Boston in 2016. A number of Lynn merchants and their associates seem settled in several Baltic seaports by the early 15th century, particularly in Wismar, Stralsund and Danzig. King’s Lynn was one of the English ports that were part of the German Hanseatic League and it is today the only town in England that has a building remaining from the days when the Hanse merchants were living in the town. The Witchfinder General, Matthew Hopkins, was paid £15 #OnThisDay in 1646 for finding 9 witches in King's Lynn, Norfolk! New Hanseatic League. In 2009 the Borough Council organised the town’s first ever Hanse Festival, which subsequently became an annual Hansa Day celebration for the town. Thread starter Biskit; Start date Sep 8, 2019; Biskit Cat whisperer. Today, the town is still an active port and retains the last remaining Hanseatic warehouse in England. ( Log Out /  Hanseatic League, organization founded by north German towns and German merchant communities abroad to protect their mutual trading interests. 1964. Lyran refugees arrived in Hansa space in the late twenty-ninth century as a direct result of Archon Elizabeth Steiner 's Military Disaster Order. Though its international trade with the Baltic and south-west France (wine imports were substantial) continued, it was relatively less important than before. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Population fell from 20,000 to 17,000 in the period of 1851-1871 and economic recovery followed through the building of docks linked to the new national railway network, which sparked the town’s first industrial revolution. Hanseatic Warehouse in King's Lynn.. KING'S LYNN, ENGLAND - FEBRUARY 05: A man walks past Hanse House, the only surviving "Kontor" or trading post of the Hanseatic League on February 05, 2019 in King's Lynn, England. Despite the growth of suburbs and some redevelopment in the 1960s and 1970s, the Old Town of King’s Lynn remains of national significance for its architectural and historic interest. The South Quay area of King's Lynn bears testament to the rich merchants who gave the town so many of … The etymology of King's Lynn is uncertain. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. http://ieg-ego.eu/en/threads/european-networks/economic-networks/margrit-schulte-beerbuehl-networks-of-the-hanseatic-league, List of Hanse towns: The town's past wealth and development is closely associated with maritime trading links. By the early 13th century Lynn had become a significant market town and seaport. In 1537 Bishop’s Lynn became King’s Lynn when the charter of Henry VIII finally dispossessed the Norwich bishops and transferred full political power to the town’s merchants. When Lynn received its first Royal Charter of borough freedom in 1204, giving its merchants a degree of self-government, it was already the third or fourth largest port in England. By the early 13th century Lynn had become a significant market town and seaport, having grown rapidly since 1101 when Bishop Losinga of Norwich recognised it as a settlement on his Gaywood estate. ( Log Out /  There appears also to have been an exchange or transfer of sailors and artisans between Wash and Baltic seaports. The Treaty of Utrecht was signed in 1474 and the English King conveyed a quay and tenements in the Norfolk town to the Hanse. Supporter. In 2006 King's Lynn became the first English member of the newly formed new Hanseatic League. Their Priory Church of St Margaret was, nevertheless, only to be built and rebuilt through the wealth of Lynn’s mercantile community, though the Norwich bishops were determined to retain their grip on the town. It retains two buildings that were warehouses of the Hanseatic League that were in use between the 15th and 17th centuries. Boston and Lynn attracted the German Hanse because their extensive hinterlands offered commercial opportunities and rewards. Hanseatic League. He had endowed the Benedictine monks of Norwich Cathedral with the lordship. Above: The double-headed eagle was the emblem of the Hanseatic League. Leisure and Entertainment around Downham Market, Discover many of West Norfolk’s finest villages, © Copyright - Visit West Norfolk | Borough Council of King's Lynn & West Norfolk 2019. The right to maintain their own houses was a critical concession (other alien merchants had to lodge with burgesses). Hanse House is the only surviving Hanseatic building in England. Yet the town grew slowly because it was too remote from the industrial regions; its hinterland remained agricultural when food imports into England from America increased to compete with home farmers. Then all Hanseatic towns united against England after a major incident off Denmark in 1468. What was displaced was the model set by the Hanseatic League. The Hanseatic League (also known as the Hanse or Hansa) was a commercial and defensive confederation of merchant guilds and their market towns that dominated trade along the coast of Northern Europe. The old industries of Lynn all but died out by the end of the 20th century. King’s Lynn was one of the English ports that were part of the German Hanseatic League and it is today the only town in England that has a building remaining from the days when the Hanse merchants were living in the town. Thousands of people visited the event which started with a parade of flags from the countries which form the new Hanse – an active network of towns and cities across Europe, which historically belonged to the association of merchant towns known as the Hanseatic League. They came to Lynn with fish, furs, timber, wax and pitch and took away English wool, cloth, corn and salt. In 2009 the Borough Council organised the town’s first ever Hanse Festival, which subsequently became an annual Hansa Day celebration for the town. Despite the growth of suburbs and some redevelopment in the 1960s and 1970s, the Old Town of King’s Lynn remains of national significance for its architectural and historic interest. The Hanseatic depot at King’s Lynn still stands, one of the branch locations of Hanseatic activity. The port today is still busy exporting grain and importing timber. Wool, skins, cloth and lead were commodities taken back to Danzig and other German harbours. In the Middle Ages, sea trade with Europe was led by the Hanseatic League of ports which played a large role in the development of Kings Lynn. Each year one of the member cities of the New Hansa hosts the Hanseatic Days of New Time international festival. The Treaty of Utrecht was signed in 1474 after the Anglo-Hanseatic War between England and the Hanseatic League.. Between the 1560’s and 1751 the Hanseatic League leased the building to King’s Lynn merchants and during this time there would have been significant alterations and extensions to the warehouses. The town now known as King's Lynn was, in medieval times, rather Bishop's Lynn. They are the only remaining building structures of the Hanseatic League in England. This is today the only surviving Hanseatic business headquarters or steelyard in England. Among them are: ‘HB’ – Hansestadt Bremen; ‘HH’ – Hansestadt Hamburg; and ‘HL’ – Hansestadt Lübeck. The last meeting (Hansetag) of a very weakened Hanseatic League was held in Europe in 1669, when only six towns had representatives in attendance, compared to more than 70 at its height. Today visitors can enjoy a self guided trail of Hanseatic King’s Lynn. Lynn was in turn a major corn exporter with granaries lining the river. hanse {n} (Hanseatic League) SEE: Hanseatic League Hanse {n} (German commercial league) SEE: Hanseatic League Hanseatic {adj} (of or pertaining to the German Hanse) Kings Lynn was a Kontor, and the League acquired and developed the site in the late 1470s. Then the coming of the railways in the 1840s robbed Lynn of its geographical advantages as river and coastal traffic gave way to the iron road. The town now known as King's Lynn was, in medieval times, rather Bishop's Lynn. 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